Types of HVAC Systems – Forbes Advisor

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HVAC systems play an important role in creating a comfortable living environment in your home, and if you’re looking to buy or replace your home’s HVAC (which stands for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning), it’s worth checking out the options available. , so you can choose the best option for you. HVAC systems typically have a lifespan of 15 to 25 years, so choosing wisely now can save or significantly cut energy costs for years to come.

Knowing that the decision you make now can have such a long-lasting impact on your home’s heating and cooling costs for such a long period of time in the future, it’s worth the time to know what the options are and the HVAC requirements. choose the system that will work best for you. Here’s an overview of the different types of HVAC systems available today.

Choosing the best HVAC system option for your home depends a lot on where you live and the months of hot and cold weather you experience throughout the year, as well as the type of installation system (including radiator systems, ductwork, and pipes) in place. at your home to connect the HVAC system.

Electric oven/AC system

Cost: $6,000-plus

If you live in a location with warm weather, such as parts of Texas or Florida, this type of HVAC system may be right for your home. While most HVAC systems use gas or oil, an electric furnace for heating, combined with an electric cooling system, offers a more environmentally friendly option. This option requires ductwork, which uses electricity to push heated or cooled air through your home.

This option eliminates the fear of potential gas or oil leaks that can be dangerous as only access to an electricity source is required for it to operate. Installing this type of unit is less expensive than gas or oil options, but if your home requires a lot of heat, it may not be the most cost-effective option.

Boiler/AC System

Cost: $9,500-plus

This system is distinguished by its boiler component, which is usually installed and placed in the basement of a house. The boiler is connected to pipes and radiators throughout the house and sends heated water throughout the house after successfully heating the water. Many homeowners choose the boiler system to meet their heating needs and have installed a separate but complementary air conditioning system along with the boiler unit to meet the heating and cooling needs of their home.

A good boiler can last 10 to 15 years, but must be cleaned and maintained regularly. Gas boilers are considered a more energy efficient option than their oil-fired counterparts. Combi boilers, which provide both cooling and heating throughout the house, are available, but with one drawback: if the unit is not working properly, you will lose your heat and hot water, as well as your air conditioning.

Oven/Split AC System

Cost: $6,500-plus

If you have a larger home, this system can be a good option as you can customize the system to fit your home’s needs. This type of system consists of an outer box containing a compressor (for cooling) and a condenser (for heating) and an inner box with an evaporator for heating and an air handling unit for cooling. Both cabinets are connected by a copper tube called a line set, which transports cold air into the house.

Gas, propane or the least popular oil furnace component of this system blows heated or cooled air throughout, and is known as a forced air system. While this type of system can be a cost-effective and energy-efficient option, the downside is that it can exacerbate allergy sufferers by blasting dust and allergens throughout the house.

These systems can also dry out the air significantly more than other units. The oven’s fan component can also transport odors from cooking in the kitchen throughout the house.

Heat pump/air handling system

Cost: Over $7,000

This system consists of a heat pump that is usually installed outside the house and works to heat and cool the air by means of a refrigerant, which transports warm air outside and vice versa. The air handling unit is located in the house and circulates cool or warm air by means of an air blower.

These units are considerably cheaper to run than HVAC units with a boiler or furnace component, but if your home needs a lot of heat all year round, it’s good to know that the resistance strips needed to keep the air handling unit producing heat , can be quite expensive.

Mini split heat pump

Cost: $8,000-plus

This HVAC system option has become more popular in recent years for several reasons: no ductwork is required, it is one of the most energy efficient heating and cooling options available for homes, and the indoor component of mini split heat pumps is installed inside the existing your home’s plumbing so it stays hidden (it’s worth noting that mini split heat pump systems are also available as plumbing, but may require more money to install).

Single-zone units that fall under this category have one outdoor component and one indoor component, while multi-zone units have an outdoor component that can service up to eight indoor components installed throughout the house for maximum heating and cooling. Heat pumps run up and down using inverter technology to maintain the desired temperature in the home so that they are in constant operation.

These popular HVAC units cost a little more than traditional split HVAC systems, and if they require maintenance, the replacement parts can be difficult to secure.

Geothermal heat pump

Cost: $18,000-plus

These units are the most energy efficient of any HVAC system on the market today, but getting them won’t come cheap. At an additional cost of $18,000Geothermal heat pumps are an extremely expensive, albeit energy conscious and environmentally friendly option for heating and cooling your home.

These systems create heat from underground sources – water and soil – to warm the house. Water is collected through an underground piping system that collects water and works to heat or cool it before pumping the water back into the house to create and maintain the desired temperature.

Connecting this pump to a hydraulic system (which uses water to heat the air) does not require any piping, but if you plan to use an air handling unit, installing the necessary piping can eliminate the already high cost of opting for this type of increasing HVAC unit. Repairs to geothermal units can also be costly, but the upside is that this type of system can save you hundreds, if not thousands, of dollars in energy costs, so if you can afford the initial investment, it’s worth investigating.

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